Machine Ethics: The Design and Governance of Ethical AI and Autonomous Systems
Volume 107, Issue 3 | March 2019
- Guest Editors
- Special Issue Papers
- Point of View: The Trolley, the Bull Bar, and Why Engineers Should Care About the Ethics of Autonomous Cars
- Point of View: Toward the Agile and Comprehensive International Governance of AI and Robotics
- Scanning Our Past: Computer Graphic Re-Visited: The Virtual Reconstruction of One of the First Computer Art Exhibitions
Special Issue Papers
By A. F. Winfield, K. Michael, J. Pitt, and V. Evers
By G. Adamson, J. C. Havens, and R. Chatila
This paper provides an overview of IEEE’s current activities related to ethics and argues that human values must drive our future autonomous systems in a way that both protects and benefits humanity.
A Value-Driven Eldercare Robot: Virtual and Physical Instantiations of a Case-Supported Principle-Based Behavior Paradigm
By M. Anderson, S. L. Anderson, and V. Berenz
This paper describes both simulated and real-robot implementations of an eldercare robot in which ethical principles are learned, via inductive logical programming, from a set of training examples provided by a project ethicist.
By P. Bremner, L. A. Dennis, M. Fisher, and A. F. Winfield
In this paper, the authors review and update an approach to the design of ethical robots based on a simulation-based internal model, in which the ethical robot’s reasoning is both transparent and verifiable.
By S. Cave, R. Nyrup, K. Vold, and A. Weller
In this paper, the authors clarify various philosophical issues surrounding the concept of an ethical machine and the aims of machine ethics, outlining the potential risks that must be considered and managed.
By A. Ema, H. Osawa, R. Saijo, A. Kubo, T. Otani, H. Hattori, N. Akiya, N. Kanzaki, M. Kukita, K. Komatani, and R. Ichise
Based around a case study on the “flaming” of fan fiction, this paper aims to clarify notions of privacy and draw lessons for the ethical governance of AI in the presence of value conflicts.
By L. J. Robertson, R. Abbas, G. Alici, A. Munoz, and K. Michael
This paper explores a method for embedding ethics into the design and use of an endoscopic capsule for diagnosis and drug delivery, using a codesign approach to reduce end-user risk.
By S. Spiekermann, J. Korunovska, and M. Langheinrich
This paper reports on the findings from a survey of 124 engineers in order to understand the drivers and impediments facing ethical systems development with respect to privacy and security engineering.