Electricity for All: Issues, Challenges, and Solutions for Energy-Disadvantaged Communities

Volume 107, Issue 9 | September 2019

Guest Editors:

Claudio Cañizares
Jatin Nathwani
Daniel Kammen

Special Issue Papers

Scanning the Issue

By C. Cañizares, J. Nathwani, and D. Kammen

Affordable Energy for Humanity: A Global Movement to Support Universal Clean Energy Access

By J. Nathwani and D. M. Kammen

This article discusses and recommends a global network of Energy Access Innovation Centers (EAICs) dedicated to providing services that bolster solutions for energy-impoverished communities.

Data Standardization for Smart Infrastructure in First-Access Electricity Systems

By T. S. Ustun, S. M. S. Hussain, H. Kirchhoff, B. Ghaddar, K. Strunz, and I. Lestas

This article focuses on data standardization for electricity access and renewable-energy-based microgrids, since such data would play a significant role in the context of electricity access.

Review and Perspectives on Data Sharing and Privacy in Expanding Electricity Access

By J. T. Lee, J. Freitas, I. L. Ferrall, D. M. Kammen, E. Brewer, and D. S. Callaway

This article discusses the gathering and use of grid and end-user data, and examines how expanding access to data and data-sharing are likely to provide value and pose risks to key energy-access stakeholders.

Renewable Energy Integration in Alaska’s Remote Islanded Microgrids: Economic Drivers, Technical Strategies, Technological Niche Development, and Policy Implications

By G. P. Holdmann, R. W. Wies, and J. B. Vandermeer

This article explores technical, socio–political, economic, and policy issues associated with the implementation of renewable-diesel hybrid microgrids in Alaska, including lessons learned.

Renewable Energy Integration in Diesel-Based Microgrids at the Canadian Arctic

By I. Das and C. A. Cañizares

This article presents planning models and studies that demonstrate the feasibility, impact, and benefits of introducing renewable energy together with variable speed generation technologies in remote microgrids in the Canadian Arctic.

Lowering Electricity Access Barriers by Means of Participative Processes Applied to Microgrid Solutions: The Chilean Case

By R. Palma-Behnke, G. A. Jiménez-Estévez, D. Sáez, M. Montedonico, P. Mendoza-Araya, R. Hernández, and C. Muñoz Poblete

This article discusses and illustrates a co-construction methodology for the development of sustainable energy supply solutions that exploit local renewable energy sources in actual energy-limited communities in Chile.

Optimal Electrification Planning Incorporating On- and Off-Grid Technologies: The Reference Electrification Model (REM)

By P. Ciller, D. Ellman, C. Vergara, A. González-García, S. J. Lee, C. Drouin, M. Brusnahan, Y. Borofsky, C. Mateo, R. Amatya, R. Palacios, R. Stoner, F. de Cuadra, and I. Pérez-Arriaga

This article describes and demonstrates an optimization model and program for electrification planning that identifies the lowest cost system designs for electricity access.

Distributed Resources Shift Paradigms on Power System Design, Planning, and Operation: An Application of the GAP Model

By J.-P. Carvallo, J. Taneja, D. Callaway, and D. M. Kammen

This article describes and demonstrates a capacity expansion model to assess the sequencing and pacing of centralized, distributed, and offgrid electrification strategies.

Least-Cost Electrification Modeling and Planning—A Case Study for Five Nigerian Federal States

By P. Blechinger, C. Cader, and P. Bertheau

This article presents a modeling process to derive a leastcost electrification plan for five states in Nigeria, combining energy system simulations with geospatial information system tools.

The Service Value Method for Design of Energy Access Systems in the Global South

By A. Clements, S. Wheeler, A. Mohr, and M. McCulloch

This article introduces and illustrates a novel method to gather and interpret end-user needs, aspirations, and contextual factors to improve engineering design practices for energy access in impoverished communities.

Electrical Minigrids for Development: Lessons From the Field

By A. S. Bahaj and P. A. B. James

This article describes and analyzes four identical capacity rural minigrid interventions undertaken in communities in Kenya and Uganda with differing socioeconomic characteristics and demographics.

Electrification Processes in Developing Countries: Grid Expansion, Microgrids, and Regulatory Framework

By A. Berizzi, M. Delfanti, D. Falabretti, S. Mandelli, and M. Merlo

This article presents a comprehensive review of the approaches and issues associated with microgrid electrification, discussing a “real-life” study case.

Microhybrid Electricity System for Energy Access, Livelihoods, and Empowerment

By M. Singh and P. Balachandra

This article reports a technoeconomic feasibility and sustainability analysis for a hybrid microgrid in India based on local solar PV and biomass resources.