Electric, hybrid, and fuel cell vehicles have attracted significant interest in recent times because of their unique advantages such as reducing fossil fuel consumption and reducing emissions. Many countries have established a timeline to phase out gasoline or diesel-powered vehicles [1-10]. Electric vehicles use electric power trains, which include electric machines, power electronics, electric continuously variable transmissions (CVT), on-board chargers, and embedded powertrain controllers. Advanced energy storage systems, such as Li-ion batteries, ultracapacitors, and fuel cells, together with intelligent energy management algorithms, have been introduced for the next generation powertrains. However, in addition to these electrification efforts conventional internal combustion engines (ICE), mechanical and hydraulic systems may still be used. The complexity of these new powertrain designs and their dependence on embedded software is the subject of automotive research and development efforts. There is a new challenge in predicting the interactions among these new vehicle components and systems. Beyond passenger cars, there are also efforts for electrifying heavy-duty vehicles, buses, automatic guided vehicles, yard tractors, etc. There have also been developments in electric off-road vehicles, more-electric aircrafts, and electric ships. This special issue will address key enabling technologies of electric and hybrid vehicles, including but not limited to powertrain, charging, energy storage, control, optimization, etc.